Credit: Betty Márquez Rosales/EdSource
Heliotrope Avenue Elementary students in Los Angeles Unified begin the school in person in April 2021 after spending the year in remote learning.
Credit: Betty Márquez Rosales/EdSource
Heliotrope Avenue Elementary students in Los Angeles Unified begin the school in person in April 2021 after spending the year in remote learning.
September 2, 2021
California school districts, already struggling to find enough teachers for classrooms, are facing a substitute shortage so severe that officials at smaller districts fear temporary school closures.
Nevada Joint Union High School District, which serves 2,686 students in Nevada County, had 60 positive Covid cases by the beginning of the second week of school on Aug. 24. Three teachers and 200 students were quarantined.
“In the next two to three weeks I’m not sure how we will stay open,” said Superintendent Brett McFadden. “It’s possible I’m just going to run out of people and resources. I’m not complaining about the federal and state government. They gave us a ton of money. This isn’t a money issue, it’s a resource allocation issue.”
McFadden fears this school year will be a repeat of what happened last October when the district had to return to distance learning just two weeks after it reopened in a hybrid model of instruction.
“We ran out of adults to teach,” he said. “This year, our (Covid infection) numbers are even worse.”
The district’s substitute pool, already limited before the pandemic, has shrunk 30% to 35% since it began.
“I will stay open as long as I can,” McFadden said. “I don’t have enough capacity for independent study either. It is quite possible our cases will overrun us and force temporary closures. Lack of clarity and flexibility from the state is forcing us to just wing it.”
Many California school superintendents are concerned about the shortage of teachers and substitutes, said Kindra Britt, spokeswoman for California County Superintendents Educational Services Association.
It’s not just small school districts that are reporting teacher and substitute shortages.
Los Angeles Unified, which has more than 26,000 teachers and 600,000 students, had 486 school-based teaching vacancies on Aug. 10, but district officials say they have a “robust pool” of 3,488 substitutes to fill vacancies. The district typically uses about 1,900 substitutes each day.
Further complicating the staffing shortages is the state’s new requirement to provide independent study to students who can’t or don’t want to attend in-person instruction. The program requires some type of daily live instruction for children in transitional kindergarten through third grade and at least weekly contact with teachers for older students.
Districts need new independent study teachers because enrollment in the programs is increasing, Britt said. “They have the money, but there isn’t a teacher to hire, especially in these rural communities,” she said.
Konocti Unified School District, in rural Lake County, started the school year without the 10 to 12 teachers it needs to be fully staffed. District Assistant Superintendent Chris Schoeneman said he needs at least six more.
Finding teachers has always been difficult for schools in Lake County, located 90 minutes north of Santa Rosa. Its distance from the entertainment venues, restaurants and shopping that cities can provide make it a hard sell for new teachers. The district isn’t close to a university either, making it challenging to create a pipeline of interns and student teachers.
As a result, last June more than 50% of the district’s teachers either had less than five years’ experience or are working on an emergency-style permit, which doesn’t require them to have completed a teacher preparation program or to have taken all the required tests.
California has had a teacher shortage for years, but the problem has worsened since the pandemic began.Not only has the number of teacher candidates declined during the pandemic, but the state also has seen an increase in the number of teachers retiring.
In the past, substitutes were the answer, but many quit and found other jobs during the first year of the pandemic when school campuses were closed. Others don’t want to return to a classroom during the pandemic because of health concerns. Many districts reduced the number of substitutes on their rosters when they hired them as teachers on emergency or long-term substitute permits.
This year Konocti Unified has so few substitutes that it can only cover teacher absences 15% to 20% of the time, despite increasing long-term substitute pay and offering incentives.
When there are not enough substitutes, school district leaders generally rely on administrators or other credentialed staff such as mentor teachers, reading specialists, physical education teachers, performing arts instructors or visual arts teachers to take over classes. If there aren’t enough credentialed staff to take over a class, students in classes without a teacher are sometimes divided among other classes.
One day last week, Sundale Union Elementary School District Superintendent Terri Rufert was taking temperatures, giving Covid tests and applying ice packs to bumps on children who had taken a tumble because the district’s health aide was out. The principal at the district’s single school was filling in as the administrative assistant. The district counselor with a teaching credential was substituting in a class.
Down the hall, the doors between two rooms were left open, so a teacher in one room could monitor the students in the other as they took Zoom classes from their teacher quarantined at home. This is the first time this year the K-8 district of 756 students has had to resort to having one teacher watch over two classes, Rufert said. Last year it happened twice.
“My community asked me what would it take to shut the school down,” she said. “I said not enough staff to teach. Not enough teachers that wanted to Zoom into the classroom with aides.”
The Tulare County district, which had 30 substitutes last year, has only 10 this year. Of those, only four substitutes work exclusively for Sundale Union. Since the district opened on Aug 4 for the school year three weeks ago it has had enough substitutes for all the classes that needed them 65% of the time.
Rufert said the district didn’t have much of a problem hiring substitutes until last year, when it was only able to fill about 40% or fewer of the classes that needed substitutes each day.
“I was subbing. There were aides in the classroom with teachers Zooming in,” Rufert said. “I was worried.”
As a result, Rufert said, districts that once had enough substitutes in reserve to allow teachers or administrators to pick their favorites, now sometimes settle forsubstitutes they would not have hired before.
“Some are just babysitters,” she said. “They are just there. It’s a body.”
To encourage people to substitute, the district increased the pay from $110 to $125 a day for daily substitutes and from $125 to $135 a day for long-term substitutes. Raising the pay rate and hiring a few retirees as substitutes made a difference, Rufert said.
Los Angeles Unified was proactive about recruiting in the fall and spring and offered substitutes paid professional development and a salary of $33.75 an hour for daily substitutes and $45.67 an hour for long-term substitutes, said Los Angeles Unified officials. After 100 days of service, substitutes qualify for full medical benefits.
To keep up with the demand for teachers, the district has hired additional human resources staff to help recruit and onboard teachers. It also extended virtual interview hours for teacher candidates and is allowing them to complete required paperwork online.
To increase its teacher pipeline, the district is participating in three teacher-residency programs and is offering hiring stipends to new teachers who commit to working in the district’s highest-needs schools.
The shortage of substitutes at Chula Vista Elementary School District in San Diego County this year resulted in an emergency meeting of the district board on Aug. 4. After school reopened in mid-July, the district, which operates on a year-round calendar, could only find about half the substitutes it needed each day to fill teaching positions in the 28,000-student district.
District staff cited soaring substitute teacher salaries and the need to be competitive with the pay being offered in neighboring districts as the reason for the pay raises. The district also had to ensure it paid more than people could be paid on unemployment, said Jason Romero, assistant superintendent of human resources.
The board voted to temporarily increase the daily rate for substitutes from $122 to $200, the daily pay for long-term substitutes from $132 to $283 and to begin a marketing campaign to recruit substitutes from the community.
Like other districts across the state, Chula Vista also voted to hire at least one full-time substitute for each of its schools, paying $280 a day.
The district saw improvement in the number of substitutes willing to work within a week, Romero said. Even with only about half of the site substitutes hired, the district has managed to entice enough substitutes to fill in for sick teachers about 70% of the time, he said.
District officials throughout the state are hopeful that the state’s decision to loosen some credential requirements will open the door for more people to apply for a substitute credential. Since July, teacher candidates can use eligible coursework to prove they have the basic skills required to teach, instead of taking the California Basic Education Skills Test, or CBEST.
After the requirements changed, Chula Vista Elementary School District launched a marketing blitz on social media that targets parents with bachelor’s degrees. Potential substitutes must apply for a 30-day permit, submit an application and pass a background check.
But it’s Gov. Gavin Newsom’s recent executive order that really gives Romero hope. The order allows retired school staff to return to school campuses to help fill staffing shortages without waiting 180 days after their retirement, as has previously been required.
Last Thursday night, district officials sent automated calls to recently retired teachers and principals asking for their help. Some school principals made calls themselves. The district is already hearing from interested retirees, Romero said.
Elk Grove Unified School District, in Sacramento County, is proposing the biggest pay hike of the districts contacted by EdSource. The district would pay retired teachers and counselors, as well as teachers and substitutes on contracts, $350 a day to substitute. They are currently paid $200 for a full day.
The school board also will consider raising daily and long-term substitute pay by up to $25 a day. Pay depends on the number of days a substitute works in the district. Pay raises would be retroactive to Sept. 1 if the board approves the pay raises next week.
“Our substitute teachers are essential,” said Superintendent Christopher Hoffman. “They help us efficiently provide professional development for our teachers, and with many being retired EGUSD teachers, they also have established relationships with our students and site personnel, making them our preferred substitutes. That merits a pay increase.”
Casey Taylor, executive director of Achieve Charter Schools in Paradise and Chico, said the state’s decision to relax requirements has helped to increase the pool of people eligible to substitute. She also emailed families recently explaining the school’s staffing problem and asking for help.
“It’s asking the community to help solve a problem on behalf of our students,” she said. “They are reaching out to people that they know, and some are planning to get their own emergency credential.”
Achieve has 94 students in kindergarten through fifth grade at its two school sites. It has six teachers and one substitute.
The Paradise site had to close its kindergarten classroom for 10 days, beginning Aug. 23, because it did not have a substitute for the teacher, who was in quarantine after being exposed to Covid. The students are now on independent study and the teacher is instructing them virtually from her home.
“It’s time to get creative in the community,” Taylor said. “We are taking advantage, certainly, of the allowances the state has made for people to get their emergency credential and reaching out to the community to get people trained so we don’t have to close down classrooms.”
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Sandy 1 year ago1 year ago
The students most affected are often special education students. Many can't wear masks or get vaccinated for health reasons. It's hard to find subs for these special students, despite their need for specialized education and many have IEPs which involve legal issues if they are denied education or 1:1 support. A sub who isn't vaccinated should therefore be given the least restrictive alternative to provide services in a safe manner, which would include wearing sterile … Read More
The students most affected are often special education students. Many can’t wear masks or get vaccinated for health reasons. It’s hard to find subs for these special students, despite their need for specialized education and many have IEPs which involve legal issues if they are denied education or 1:1 support. A sub who isn’t vaccinated should therefore be given the least restrictive alternative to provide services in a safe manner, which would include wearing sterile masks daily, frequent hand washing and encouraging special ed students who can’t wear masks to wash hands with soap and water. Remember, a lot of special ed students can’t use hand sanitizer as they place their hands in mouth and could ingest alcohol from sanitizer.
Welcome to the world of special needs. We need to encourage subs to help out, especially people who are already credentialed and have experience with people with special needs!!!
Well here's my experience. I hold a substitute teaching credential but it needs to be renewed. For some reason, the option for me to renew online wasn't available, so I was told I'd have to renew via mail with a paper application. No worries.I mailed my application (with a $100 application fee) mid July and was told it might take up to 50 business days for them to review the application. Today, September 24th, my … Read More
Well here’s my experience. I hold a substitute teaching credential but it needs to be renewed. For some reason, the option for me to renew online wasn’t available, so I was told I’d have to renew via mail with a paper application. No worries.
I mailed my application (with a $100 application fee) mid July and was told it might take up to 50 business days for them to review the application. Today, September 24th, my account was finally updated but I was told my application was mailed back to me and “Returned for Additional Information.”
Now I’m left wondering if I’m looking at another 50 business days once I receive the application, fix it, and mail it back. More, there’s no phone number to call and no other contacts to reach out to. Could we really not have handled this over the phone, via email, or some other way to get it done faster? I understand the CTC is probably overworked and understaffed along with the rest of our educational system, so I’m not here to blame any workers. I’m just confused why this is our best method to get people working.
I would love to sub, and there’s apparently a sub shortage, so why does it feel like pulling teeth?
Sarah 1 year ago1 year ago
As a credentialed California teacher, who left the public schools after June 2020 (I’m now working with homeschoolers), I can say firsthand that subs aren’t paid enough, and there’s a shortage because of the mandates and measures, like masks, vaccines, quarantining, etc. in our schools. We need to get back to normal for our students, especially our low income and second language families. The achievement gap is widening even faster than ever before. Kids need … Read More
As a credentialed California teacher, who left the public schools after June 2020 (I’m now working with homeschoolers), I can say firsthand that subs aren’t paid enough, and there’s a shortage because of the mandates and measures, like masks, vaccines, quarantining, etc. in our schools. We need to get back to normal for our students, especially our low income and second language families. The achievement gap is widening even faster than ever before. Kids need to be in school in person. Covid is here to stay so we need to learn to live with it and get ourselves as healthy as possible.
A minimum of a BA degree and 1 to 2 more years for a teaching credential to teach class sizes of 28-35 kids (PE classes take that number up to 65 kids) for $135 per day (up from the $95/day when I was subbing). And that is after meeting the following conditionsTuberculin test (TB)Certificate of Medical Examination (if applicable)Drivers’ License.Social Security CardClearinghouse FingerprintsKeenan SafeSchools Certificates (Five online courses. More information will be given … Read More
A minimum of a BA degree and 1 to 2 more years for a teaching credential to teach class sizes of 28-35 kids (PE classes take that number up to 65 kids) for $135 per day (up from the $95/day when I was subbing).
And that is after meeting the following conditions(Video) Salem-Keizer School District facing substitute teacher shortage
Tuberculin test (TB)
Certificate of Medical Examination (if applicable)
Social Security Card
Keenan SafeSchools Certificates (Five online courses. More information will be given to you when you are invited to the orientation).
And a CBEST test
Consider spending 6 hours watching over 28 five year olds. $135/6hours = $22.50 per hour. If you put that in terms of babysitting, that would be a pay rate of around
$.80 per hour to baby sit each child.
And “they” say it is not a matter of money or pay rate?
Who wouldn’t jump at the chance to earn all those pennies?
Hi 2 years ago2 years ago
$135 for 6 hours is a joke considering people can make more with Uber, construction, and other jobs without a degree and getting into debt. That is a terrible tradeoff for all those years in class. Instead of wasting 5 years in school and getting into debt, I'd rather work those 5-6 years straight out of high school in construction and invest all my money in those years in the SP500 and then from there … Read More
$135 for 6 hours is a joke considering people can make more with Uber, construction, and other jobs without a degree and getting into debt. That is a terrible tradeoff for all those years in class. Instead of wasting 5 years in school and getting into debt, I’d rather work those 5-6 years straight out of high school in construction and invest all my money in those years in the SP500 and then from there budget and pick up a second job to live, and I’m good without going to college.
Excellent substitutes possess skills antithetical to regular classroom teaching.
Daisy 2 years ago2 years ago
I’m sorry, but how does it make sense to bribe subs to be a “warm body” when there are plenty of capable student teachers who are going above and beyond in the classroom, yet they are not compensated a single penny. If their master teacher is out, they can’t step up and take over the class, even though they are capable. Furthermore, they could be getting plenty of field experience subbing different grade levels if … Read More
I’m sorry, but how does it make sense to bribe subs to be a “warm body” when there are plenty of capable student teachers who are going above and beyond in the classroom, yet they are not compensated a single penny. If their master teacher is out, they can’t step up and take over the class, even though they are capable. Furthermore, they could be getting plenty of field experience subbing different grade levels if only they were allowed to. The education system is broken.
In fact, many schools do this. I taught the entire time I was in school nights and weekends out of economic necessity.
Javier H 2 years ago2 years ago
Homeschooling is the answer.
These teachers are too radicalized and in debt.
I have been saying this all along this crazy pandemic, where the heck are the policy changes, the ideas or solutions from the State Superintendent? Voters be warned, this is what happens when you vote in a lifelong politician into such a critical role. If the work is not about benefit to the California teachers Association union, who will support for his run for higher office, he is clueless.
Anita Flemington 2 years ago2 years ago
Why is there such a shortage to substitute teachers when the teacher education candidates at my university have been repeatedly told by districts they are not hiring subs at this time? Teacher education candidates have been willing to teach, but no one will hire them. These candidates have content and pedagogical knowledge, but also tech knowledge that was and continues to be so important in delivering quality instruction.
“They help us efficiently provide professional development for our teachers.” Here’s a thought. Focus on the task at hand. Students in class with their teachers. Put the ‘PD’ on hold, it’s most often useless anyway.
One of the biggest challenges for substitute teachers is keeping students engaged and focused. It's important to show the hiring manager that you want to keep students active to help them learn the course material.What are the top 3 reasons for shortages in education? ›
- Fewer undergraduates are pursuing education degrees (there has been a decline since 2019).
- Pandemic stress causing early retirement.
- Low pay (96% of educators say that raising teacher salaries would reduce staff burnout).
Hire permanent substitutes for each school building. This forward-thinking solution ensures the placement of at least one substitute in each building every day, ready to cover any absences that might occur. Issue personal invitations to retired educators.What are 4 reasons that there would be a shortage of teachers? ›
Among them are pay, working conditions, lack of support, lack of autonomy, and the changing curriculum. The shortage of teachers will inevitably cause a decline in educational standards. The shortage is crucially important to educational outcomes.How might teacher shortages impact student education? ›
Teacher shortages lead to missed or insufficient learning opportunities. There may be a discontinuity in the delivery of instruction, and key concepts may be overlooked altogether. These occurrences limit the educational opportunities that students can and should receive.What are two of the subject areas where there are consistently shortages of teachers? ›
TEACH California, the California Department of Education's online effort to recruit teachers, says California faces a shortage of special education, math and science teachers.Where do substitute teachers get paid the most? ›
- Los Angeles, CA. $172 per day. 217 salaries reported.
- $166 per day. 116 salaries reported.
- Phoenix, AZ. $157 per day. 94 salaries reported.
- Detroit, MI. $148 per day. 61 salaries reported.
- Las Vegas, NV. $137 per day. 57 salaries reported.
- Show more nearby cities.
- Get There Early to Prepare. When you start a new substitute teaching assignment, arrive early so you can get acquainted with your new surroundings. ...
- Get to Know Your Colleagues. ...
- Have a Backup Plan. ...
- Make Discipline Fun. ...
- Bond with Your Students. ...
- Let Your Personality Shine.
Overworked, underpaid? The toll of burnout is contributing to teacher shortages nationwide. New data shows teacher shortages remain just as widespread as they were in the summer, though the average number of vacancies has slightly declined.Why do teachers quit teaching? ›
Teachers often cite working conditions, such as the support of their principals and the opportunity to collaborate with colleagues, as the top reason for leaving. More than 1 in 4 teachers who leave say they do so to pursue other career opportunities.
As a substitute teacher, your job is to take the place of the classroom teacher, and you need to be a professional and follow the lesson plans that were left for you. Oftentimes, substitute teachers think the key to gaining control of the classroom and earning students' respect is to be a friend.What challenges do substitute teachers face? ›
Perhaps the most daunting challenge that awaits any substitute teacher is the classroom full of students. New substitute teachers may worry about individual student needs, misbehavior, and how to keep a classroom of thirty students, or more, on task, focused, and cooperative.What is the most important responsibility of a substitute teacher? ›
Substitute Teachers are crucial for keeping the classroom running smoothly when the regular teacher can't be there. They manage behavior, quickly interpret lesson plans, and create reports that inform permanent staff members about what's going on in their classroom.Why is teaching so hard right now? ›
Teaching is a valuable and rewarding profession, but it can also be tiring and exhausting. Teaching is arguably more difficult now than it has ever been for a variety of reasons, including learner behavior, fast-changing technology, and poor compensation.What defines a teacher shortage? ›
A shortage is typically defined as the inability to fill vacancies at current wages with individuals qualified to. teach in the fields needed.Why America's teacher shortage is going to get worse? ›
For starters, shortages are occurring because of increased demand on public schools. As of fall 2017, 50.7 million students were attending public elementary and secondary schools, according to the National Center for Education Statistics. By 2025, that number is expected to expand to 51.4 million.When did the teacher shortage begin? ›
Reports of Teacher Shortages: According to recently released federal data, the percentages of schools reporting that they had teaching vacancies and difficult-to-staff positions have declined significantly since 1999-00.What is the impact of declining teacher retention on a school system? ›
Low teacher retention is an issue that impacts many different parts of not only a school, but also the community in which the school resides. Teacher turnover in rural schools can lead to poor student performance that can lead to a lack of skilled workers in the community and a potential spike in crime and poverty.Where are the most teacher shortages? ›
As we head back to school we are already seeing massive shortages in Texas, Nevada, Florida, and Arizona. These shortages are exacerbated by the lack of substitute teachers as teaching jobs remain vacant into the 2023-2024 school year.Is it wonder that there are teacher shortages? ›
Hence the answer is no. Answer explanation: Paragraph C says that “On the administrative side, most teachers are weighed down by an increasing flow of bureaucracy. Cynicism would have me believe that this stops teachers from fomenting dissent as they are worn out by useless administrative exercises.
- Mathematics. Math is essential. ...
- Chemistry and Physics. Chemistry and physics teachers are resources that are also sought after. ...
- Foreign Languages. Learning a foreign language has a great many benefits. ...
- Bilingual Education. ...
- Special Education.
As of Apr 17, 2023, the average hourly pay for a Substitute Teacher in the United States is $15.28 an hour.How much does a substitute teacher make near me? ›
Average Los Angeles Unified School District Substitute Teacher hourly pay in California is approximately $32.59, which is 125% above the national average.How much does a substitute teacher make per day in Texas? ›
|Teacher Assistant Pay (Per Day)||< 60 College Hours (NEW)||Permanent Sub at Not-Rated School|
|Incremental Pay (45+ days in any combination of assignments)||$20.00 (Full day) $10.00 (Half day)||$20.00 (Full day) $10.00 (Half day)|
|Maximum Payout Amount||$145.00||$170.00|
“Teaching already is a high-stress job—it's relentless—and then when you're a sub, it's just compounded because you are working usually in new environments,” said Terrie St.Why do students misbehave with substitute teachers? ›
They might think that this substitute teacher is new and doesn't have the “school rules” figured out. The teacher likely doesn't know students' names. He may not be familiar with how to pace a lesson for students with special needs. She may have just rolled out of bed when the phone rang 15-minutes before she arrived.What are four basic questions you should ask when called to substitute? ›
- Where is the restroom and do I need a key?
- Where should I send attendance…and with whom?
- Where's the vending machine?
- Do you have any extra activities?
Our broader research on the Great Attrition shows that workload-related stress and toxic managers caused many people to leave their jobs during and after the pandemic. Across industries, 70 percent of people noted that they define their purpose through their work, which is also true for educators.Why are so many school teachers quitting? ›
The findings show that while many teachers find their work rewarding, a majority said they felt exhausted and stressed — with burnout cited as the top reason for leaving the profession.Are teachers in America underpaid? ›
Most public K-12 teachers hold a master's degree, but their median pay is nearly $20,000 lower than the median worker with an advanced degree. Teachers in the US are paid less than the average full-time worker, are underpaid for their level of education, and have experienced real wage declines for the past decade.
New teachers are leaving their jobs within 5 years of teaching in percentages as high as 30%. 8% of US teachers are quitting their careers, while only 3% to 4% of teachers in other countries are quitting.Are teachers quitting at a higher rate? ›
Teachers appear to be leaving at higher rates, and there's been a longer-standing decline in people training to become teachers. At the same time, schools may have wanted to hire more teachers than usual because they remain flush with COVID relief money and want to address learning loss.Can you just quit as a teacher? ›
For those quitting teaching mid-year, you will want to write a letter asking for release from your contract. However, writing this letter is not a guarantee that your request will be granted. In most cases, you will address this letter to the superintendent.What is the biggest problem facing education today? ›
The biggest problem facing education today is the lack of innovation and mobility in higher education. Because of a number of private and public factors, colleges and universities have turned into massive private businesses with multi million dollar athletic departments and multi billion dollar endowments.What is the biggest issue in education today? ›
Deficits in government funding for schools.
Funding is always an issue for schools and is, in fact, one of the biggest issues facing the American public education system today. For more than 90% of K-12 schools, funding comes from state and local governments, largely generated by sales and income taxes.
- Write letters of apology. ...
- Don't wait for an absence to lay out your expectations. ...
- But don't feel like you had to give a disclaimer in order to give a consequence. ...
- Get the parents involved. ...
- Suss out the main perpetrators with student statements. ...
- Names matter! ...
- Focus on the positive.
- Interpersonal skills. ...
- Leadership skills. ...
- Critical thinking skills. ...
- Presentation abilities. ...
- Classroom management. ...
- Problem-solving. ...
- Time management. ...
Show the substitute teacher the same respect that you show your regular teacher. If your classmates goof off and treat the substitute disrespectfully, refuse to join in. Use your quiet symbol to let others know to behave.What do teachers expect from substitute teachers? ›
There are certain reasonable expectations when a substitute teacher is requested. Some are pretty basic and can be spelled out in an employee handbook: punctuality, professional attire, respectful of privacy and confidentiality. But others are more nuanced and open to interpretation.What is the number one common trait of successful substitute teachers? ›
Flexibility and adaptability are probably the two most important characteristics that substitute teachers must possess. They must be flexible because they are often not called until the morning of the day they are needed.
- Arrive early. ...
- Greet the office staff upon arrival. ...
- Introduce yourself to the students. ...
- Set ground rules. ...
- Stick with the lesson plan. ...
- Have extra activities ready.
To provide students with a safe and effective learning environment in the absence of the regular classroom teacher and to provide students with meaningful and appropriate instruction in accordance with the lesson plans provided.Does substitute teaching look good resume? ›
Yes, substitute teaching looks good on a resume.
Many skills are needed to be a successful substitute teacher that can translate into other roles. Even if a career in education is not your end goal, substitute teaching can give you rich experience and soft marketable skills that will transfer well into other fields.
- foreign languages.
- bilingual education.
- English language acquisition.
- special education.
The first year of teaching is the hardest. While being an educator is never without its struggles, the first year is by far the most challenging — pieced together with idealism, confusion, good intentions, excitement, fear, and expectations.Why is teacher shortage a problem? ›
Other frequently cited explanations for shortages include teachers retiring (54%), teachers leaving the district (34%), reductions in class size (32%), and a high cost of living (29%).How can we stop teacher shortages? ›
Increase Funding for Teachers and Schools
Federal or state grants might draw more prospective teachers to preparation programs in academic areas where there is a scarcity of teachers. Federal programs for college loan forgiveness might encourage more teachers to look for jobs in high-needs schools.
According to U.S. Department of Education data from the 2022-2023 school year, Maine is experiencing the most teacher vacancies in special education, math, science, language arts, early childhood, elementary core subjects, art and music, and career and technical education.Is there a shortage of substitute teachers USA? ›
Traditionally, demand has exceeded supply for substitute teachers at current wages. However, because of the COVID-19 pandemic, substitute teacher shortages have increase to the level that 20 percent of requests for substitutes are unfilled. Unfilled teacher absences can cripple student achievement.How does teacher shortage affect education? ›
Reduces Educational Opportunities
Teacher shortages lead to missed or insufficient learning opportunities. There may be a discontinuity in the delivery of instruction, and key concepts may be overlooked altogether. These occurrences limit the educational opportunities that students can and should receive.
- One student monopolizes class.
- Students come late to class.
- Students behave rudely in class.
- Group projects aren't working.
- Students cheat on assignments and exams.
- Students respond to course content and classroom dynamics in emotional and unproductive ways.
Experts say low pay, increasing cost of living, retirement and the pandemic are all reasons for the shortage of teachers across the country. As a result, some districts have had to hire underprepared or under-qualified teachers to fill the need.What is the biggest barrier to teacher retention? ›
Workload. Although there are many reasons why teachers quit, topping the table in most surveys is workload.Why are teacher attrition rates so high? ›
A low salary, a lack of respect from parents and a lack of a work-life balance also were high on the list. The survey found that 1 in 5 teachers say they will likely leave the profession in the next three years, including 1 in 7 who say they will definitely leave.Which state pays teachers the least? ›
The average salary for teachers was $49,583 in Florida—the second lowest in the country after Mississippi. All other occupations averaged $51,950, a 4.6 percent difference.Is teacher burnout leading to teacher shortage? ›
The combination of extra work and fewer resources has caused unprecedented teacher stress in the profession, which has increased teacher burnout. As a result of stress in the workplace, the education sector has lost educators to teacher burnout turnaround and caused the teacher shortage.What kind of teachers make the most money? ›
When you are looking for the best-paid teaching jobs for your area of interest or specialized skill, then you may consider working as a professor in a college or university. A college professor prepares course material, teaches students in a classroom environment, and grades student work.
Which teaching subject is most in demand? While specific needs vary by institution, science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) are subjects that are always in high demand.What are the challenges of a substitute teacher? ›
- Aggressive Incidents/Bullying – Make it clear to students that both aggressive behavior and bullying are unacceptable and will not be taken lightly. ...
- Bathroom Trips – ...
- Cheating – ...
- Participation – ...
- Homework –
Lack of effective communication
As the wiser of the bunch, teachers need to build trust with their students and work on their communication skills every day. You are building an effective communication channel not only between yourself and your students but also their parents.
Figuring out how to cope with arguments by listening to both sides, dealing with disruptive students, and calming down a whole class (or, on the flip side, waking them up) is the endless task of keeping your class in control, and possibly the biggest challenge most teachers deal with on a day-to-day basis.Why do students misbehave with subs? ›
One reason students misbehave for a substitute is the pacing of the day. This can be because there weren't enough activities left or there were too many and none were labeled as a top priority.What is the biggest challenge students face today in school? ›
Some of the most common areas where students face challenges include: Academics. Accessibility. Finances.Why do people want to be substitute teachers? ›
Beyond scheduling flexibility, substitutes also get to choose specifically which location(s), grade levels, and subjects to take on – or you can try a little bit of everything! There's no getting locked into a role that doesn't suit you. In the teaching field, there's no substitute for experience.What are the eight tips for new substitute teachers? ›
- Arrive early. ...
- Greet the office staff upon arrival. ...
- Introduce yourself to the students. ...
- Set ground rules. ...
- Stick with the lesson plan. ...
- Have extra activities ready.
- Be steady, consistent and firm.
- Acknowledge the feelings of the individual.
- Remember that disruptive behavior is often caused by stress or frustration.
- Address the disruption individually, directly and immediately.
- Be specific about the behavior that is disruptive and set limits.
The most important component of classroom management is relationships. The relationships with my students start at the door when I shake the their hand and greet them with a smile (regardless of what misbehaviors might have happened the day before).What are the qualities of good teacher? ›
- Adaptability. Adaptability is a must for teachers, who need to continuously evaluate what's working for their students — and even more importantly, what isn't working. ...
- Empathy. ...
- Patience. ...
- Engagement. ...
- Active Listening. ...
- Lifelong Learning. ...
- Free of Bias. ...
- Respectful Attitude.