Similarities to our present political climate gives cause for fear!!
Sometimes, weak or corrupt internal national policies on economy and policy facilitate the rise of dictators to power. Dictators see weaknesses in national plans, and propose convincing alternatives for making changes. During times of war, dictators often sway the public by providing plans for rapid defeat of enemy troops.
Dictators will also sometimes play on the perceived weaknesses of government officials to attract support. They criticize governments for actions such as spending too much money, causing economic troubles, increasing taxes and other national policies that impact citizens. Dictators then outline plans for improvements, which are implemented when they gain power.
Dictators use quite a bit of psychological sway to attract the attention of voters. They offer messages of hope and strength during hard times, and emerge confident and hopeful. Some government systems, primarily those with unequal branches of power, make it easier for dictators to emerge. In contrast, governments like the United States, which feature a system of checks and balances, never let one branch dominate the others. Once in power, dictators typically do not call themselves dictators but instead choose to refer to themselves as presidents, prime ministers, chancellors or monarchs.
Some of the most well-known dictators in history include Fidel Castro, Saddam Hussein, Kim Jong-il and Adolf Hitler. One thing all these dictators have in common is that they were able to maintain political power by using violence and propaganda. Dictators often manufacture an external threat in order to gain control over the state and appear as the people’s only salvation. For example, Hitler blamed the Jews for Germany’s problems and justified his actions during the Holocaust by using propaganda aimed at vilifying the Jews. Dictators also use their leadership skills to persuade the masses to believe their agendas. They use censorship to control the flow of information so as to maintain power. Dictators who remain in power usually do so until they are killed or removed through violent opposition.
How to Become a Dictator
Hitler. Stalin. Castro. Mao. These and many others throughout history rose to power over their people, subjugating the populace. If you have the burning desire in your heart to put others under your thumb and keep them there as slaves, there are some paths that are more likely to becoming all powerful.
Personal Keys to Absolute Power
1.Crave power. No self-respecting despot comes to power without having some sort of desire for power in the first place. Once the desire for power is implanted, it leads to developing a plan to get that power, and then to developing a plan to get more power.
Sometimes, being assigned to a position of power is enough to become a dictator. The 1971 Stanford Prison Experiment, in which students were chosen to be either “prisoners” or “guards,” had to be stopped within a week because the “guards” took to abusing the “prisoners.”
2. Become self-centered. Josef “Man of Steel” Stalin and Saddam Hussein were noted for their narcissistic behavior, as were many other strongmen throughout history. To be an effective dictator, you have to love yourself, because you can’t be sure anyone else will.
Getting your first taste of power helps you detach yourself emotionally from your future subjects. Studies published in the magazine ‘’Psychological Science’’ in 2006 and 2010 show that people who thought of themselves as well-off became more self-centered and less able to see things from others’ point of view.
3. Espouse non-mainstream beliefs. Most of the great dictators of history, and many of the not-so-great, are remembered for their personal peccadillos and odd beliefs that set them apart from others. If you want to become a great dictator, look at your belief system and what you can take from it to oppress your future subjects with.
Personal prejudices are a great place to start, particularly when you need a scapegoat to turn others’ hatred toward and away from you. Protestant Oliver Cromwell’s hatred of Catholics provided him with such a scapegoat during his Protectorate, while Adolf Hitler first took to hating Jews on joining the German Workers Party and took that hatred with him, shaping it into his “Final Solution” that led to the death of some 6 million Jews.
You can follow this by insisting others share your beliefs. A strict vegetarian, Hitler liked to shame fellow diners with graphic stories of animal slaughter, and as a teetotaler, urged his subjects to keep their bodies free of free of intoxicants and contaminants.
Whatever odd beliefs you may have, don’t share them all at once with either your friends or your enemies. Let them think certain things about you are true, whether they are or not. Idi Amin was widely rumored to be a cannibal, although the rumors were never confirmed; some thought he spread those rumors himself to divert attention from the atrocities committed under his rule.
4. Develop your charisma. Despite how outside the mainstream your beliefs may be, you can fool all of the people some of the time if you develop your personal charisma and speaking skills. As a young man, Benito Mussolini earned notice for his charm and ability to persuade others. Although it got him expelled from Switzerland, it helped him eventually become Italy’s ‘’Il Duce’’.
Your writing skills can also help you disseminate your beliefs. Hitler wrote ‘’Mein Kampf’’, Mussolini created ‘’Avanti’’ magazine, and Napoleon III wrote a series of tracts advocating that France needed an emperor.
5. Build a cadre of supporters. Your friends should be those who depend on you for their rewards, while your enemies are cut off from them. Provide your supporters with just enough rewards to keep them dependent on you, but not enough so they can build up their own resources to turn on you.
You can sustain yourself in power if you have a large number of potential supporters to draw from. A dictatorship in a supposedly classless society, such as that of the Soviet Union, can be sustained longer than one that relies on the support of a small ruling class.
Keep the actual number of your core supporters as small as possible, however. Too large a number, and you run the risk of having them revolt against you.
6. Trust no one more than you have to. Although you need supporters to take power, you should remember that they’re your supporters because of what you promise and give them, not necessarily because they like you or believe in your cause. Also, remember that you’re giving your supporters a taste of power, and that can be enough to have them crave more of it want to overthrow you. Can you say “paranoia”?
You can cope with your feelings of paranoia by carefully intimidating friend and foe alike. It worked for Stalin.
When simple intimidation fails, and your supporters stop being an asset and start becoming a liability, get rid of them. Nazi Germany’s Night of the Long Knives was Adolf Hitler’s way of ridding himself of the ‘’Sturmabteilung’’ (SA, Brownshirts) who had helped him come to power before they could take over the German army.
Ways to Assume Power
1 Take over an existing dictatorship. Taking power in a country that’s always been led by a dictator is easier than conquering one that has known freedom in the past. You can do this in one of two ways:
2 Find a need and fill it. If you can’t succeed another dictator, then you need to think like an entrepreneur and find a country that’s ripe for taking over. There are several things to look for:
Oppressive or repressive governments. Unpopular governments aren’t limited solely to existing dictatorships. Monarchies have been a popular target for overthrow, particularly when the royal rulers are out to line their own pockets or are just simply out of touch with their subjects. Gaddafi came to power in Libya by overthrowing King Idris, whose centralized federal system was unpopular with the country’s various tribes, while Oliver Cromwell became Lord Protector of Great Britain after the execution of King Charles and the dissolution of the Rump Parliament that ruled the republic that succeeded him.
3, Identify a common enemy to fight. If you’re planning to forcibly take over an existing dictatorship or take down another form of oppressive government, you already have that enemy. If not, you may have to find one to play on that “us vs. them” mentality. Here are some candidates:
Rival political parties. Hitler used the burning of the Reichstag to accuse and arrest his Communist enemies just after becoming chancellor of Germany, then followed by getting the Reichstag to pass the Enabling Act to let him make his own laws.From there, it was just a few more steps to becoming ‘’Der Fuhrer.’’
Racial or ethnic groups. Hitler and the Jews is the most obvious example.
Religious groups. Again, Hitler and the Jews, as well as Cromwell and the Catholics. For Stalin, it was the follower of any religion in general.
Foreign governments. Any government that practices an economic system different from yours and that has a reputation for helping out your enemies and wanting to stick its nose in your affairs makes a good straw man to knock down. The United States is most often the “paper tiger” of choice these days.
Parties formed after the seizure of power often have little influence and only exist to serve the dictator. Most dictatorships are formed through military means or through a political party.How do dictators often come to power quizlet? ›
Dictators often achieve their power by violently overthrowing a government and maintain power by force.How do dictators achieve and maintain power quizlet? ›
How do dictators keep and maintain power? Dictators gain absolute control over a government by playing on the people's fear. Usually a dictator gains power by offering simple solutions to complex problems.What is dictatorship very short answer? ›
A dictatorship is a government or a social situation where one person makes all the rules and decisions without input from anyone else.What are the 5 characteristics of a dictator? ›
Dictatorships are often characterised by some of the following: suspension of elections and civil liberties; proclamation of a state of emergency; rule by decree; repression of political opponents; not abiding by the procedures of the rule of law, and the existence of a cult of personality centered on the leader.What caused the rise of powerful dictators? ›
The Rise of Militarism and Dictators
These hardships became prominent after the stock market crash of 1929 and grew into a worldwide economic depression. During this time, some countries found their citizens engaged in revolutions to change or overthrow their systems of government.
A dictatorship completely disregards the rights of individual citizens. The government and state will try to control all citizens through laws, police, spying and force. The government and state is the most important thing to a dictatorship.What are the main features of dictatorship? ›
- One Party, One Leader and One Programme: Rule of one individual or party.
- Absence of Individual Liberty.
- National Glorification.
- The glorification of War: Faith in force and war.
- Totalitarian State.
- Racialism: No faith in religion. Was this answer helpful?
Nazi Germany under Hitler and the Soviet Union under Stalin are the leading examples of modern totalitarian dictatorships.Why is a dictatorship important? ›
Dictatorship helps achieve social stability. The loger lasting and biggest economic miracles have ocurred under dictatorships. Dictatorship outperforms democracy in growth and economic develpment. A dictatorship breeds order and it's a needed step for both development and liberal democracy.
The term dictatorship comes from the Latin title dictator, which in the Roman Republic designated a temporary magistrate who was granted extraordinary powers in order to deal with state crises. Modern dictators, however, resemble ancient tyrants rather than ancient dictators.How are dictators chosen? ›
Dictators can come to power in a variety of different ways. They can be elected (see below), be appointed by the resident ruling party or Communist hierarchy, or inherit their position from a deceased relative. Still other modern dictators seize power in a military coup d'tat, and are supported by the military.How did dictatorship start? ›
1.1 Origins and Functions. Dictatorship was probably introduced into the constitutional order of the Roman Republic at the beginning of the fifth century BC, soon after the end of the monarchy. Today, the original interpretation of dictatorship as attributed to the survival of the monarchy tradition has been abandoned.Who were the 3 main dictators? ›
The Three Dictators: Mussolini, Stalin, Hitler.Who is the most famous dictator? ›
Adolf Hitler (1889-1945)
Perhaps the most infamous dictator of them all, the fascist ruler of Nazi Germany dragged the globe into another world war in 1939 after invading Poland.
Dictators, including Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, Napoleon and Kim Jong-un, reveal what happens when one person is given unchecked power. These autocrats ruled their countries - and often attacked and invaded others - using excessive force to wield absolute control.Who was the first ever dictator in history? ›
Julius Caesar was the first modern-dictator in History.Has there ever been a good dictator? ›
Lee Kuan Yew
Therefore, Lee has been referred to as a benevolent dictator. As a leader who was in power for thirty-one years from 1959 until 1990, he implemented some laws that were deemed by some observers to be autocratic, and attempted to dismantle political opposition by engaging in defamation lawsuits.
The first type of leadership is authoritarian, or dictator leadership. An authoritarian leader rules with total power. This style offers no opportunity for participant input; the leader makes all the decisions, critical knowledge is kept to themselves and they lay down the law.Where is dictatorship used? ›
|Republic Of The Congo||Denis Sassou Nguesso||President|
|Saudi Arabia||Fahd bin Abdul Aziz||King|
The most significant achievement of Aguinaldo's Dictatorial Government was the proclamation of Philippine Independence in Kawit, Cavite, on June 12, 1898.Who has power in a dictatorship? ›
A dictatorship is a form of government where one leader has absolute control over citizens' lives. If there is a constitution, the dictator has control over that, too—so it doesn't mean much.Who is an example of a dictator? ›
Adolf Hitler of Nazi Germany and Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union are the primary examples of totalitarian dictators.Who holds the power in a dictatorship quizlet? ›
Dictatorship - *Dictatorship - absolute power held by one dictator (leader) - has total power.How were dictators chosen? ›
Dictators can come to power in a variety of different ways. They can be elected (see below), be appointed by the resident ruling party or Communist hierarchy, or inherit their position from a deceased relative. Still other modern dictators seize power in a military coup d'tat, and are supported by the military.Who are the main dictators? ›
Dictators, including Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, Napoleon and Kim Jong-un, reveal what happens when one person is given unchecked power. These autocrats ruled their countries - and often attacked and invaded others - using excessive force to wield absolute control.Who is dictatorship ruled by? ›
A dictatorship is a type of government in which a single person—the dictator—or party has absolute power. This means that the ruler or party has complete control. The rights of the people are typically suppressed in a dictatorship, sometimes to a great degree.What causes a dictator? ›
Dictators may rise to power in a democracy through several ways. One way is the result of political polarization, where the competing political sides no longer want to cooperate with one another, allowing violent or extremist groups to take over politics instead.Who is the first dictator in the world? ›
As noted above, the nature of autocracies has changed dramatically in the 2100 years that have passed since Julius Caesar assumed the position of the Western world's first dictator.